The Government of the Republic of Zambia enacted the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act (EPPCA) in 1990 at the time when the country realised that development without regard to sound environmental management had potential to lead to environmental challenges and disasters.. Over the years, it has become apparent that new environmental issues have emerged. The new and emerging issues include for example climate change, pollution from persistent organic pollutants and electronic waste To address these challenges as well as to enhance the control and management of existing ones, a new Act, the Environmental Management Act (EMA) No. 12 of 2011 has been enacted.
1. This act may be cited as the Environmental Protection and Pollution Control Act, 1990, and shall come into operation on such date as the Minister may, by statutory instrument, appoint.
2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires - "abatement" means the reduction or removal of environmental pollution to permitted or prescribed levels; "Advisory Committee'' means the Standing Technical Advisory Committee constituted under section twenty- one;